"I say I know one thing: that I know nothing.

That, indeed makes me more knowledgeable than anybody else"

- Socrates -


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Pappas & Associates – Attorneys at Law                                                                                 “Do not advise the pleasant but the correct” -Solon-

Pappas & Associates is a law firm located in Brussels and specialized in European Law. 
Its “legal diversity” is based on its particular structure bringing together lawyers and regulatory experts from many Member States, as well as on its European network.

Be it litigation, arbitration or policy advice in the field of European policies, namely in the fields of Competition (Antitrust, Mergers, State Aid), Internal Market, Health and Consumer Protection, Pappas and Associates is your privileged defender and adviser.

Pappas AssociatesLocated at the heart of the ‘European Quarter’ of Brussels, Pappas & Associates was founded in 2004 by Spyros Pappas who reverted to private legal practice in 2001 after several years of service as Director-General in the European Commission, where, he held the portfolios of Consumer Policy, Information, Communication, Culture and Audiovisual Policy and finally Education and Culture. Prior to this he was a Professor of Law and Director General at the European Institute for Public Administration (EIPA-Maastricht) and a Judge at the Supreme Administrative Court of Greece (Conseil d’Etat).

Pappas & Associates was founded on the conviction that the best way to understand Union Law is to appreciate that it is qualitatively different from its national counterparts. In contrast to national law where legal analysis prevails over other considerations, Union Law is much more the result of the interaction between legal principles and political objectives; it is law that has been formulated and interpreted in a unique, specific and complex supranational political context, and consequently not necessarily amenable to normal methods of legal analysis.

Union Law is applied by the European Commission long before it reaches the Court of Justice of the European Union, which has since its first and fundamental case law a propensity to interpret such laws in a teleological manner, highly sensitive to the EU’s political context. By way of example, Article 258 of the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union (that gives the European Commission the right to bring before the Court of Justice of the European Union a Member State that failed to fulfill an obligation under the Treaties) appears, prima facie, to be a purely ‘legally’ technical provision. However, the final decision on its application rests with the Commission, whose decisions cannot be reviewed by the Court of Justice of the European Union. The infusion of dynamic and unpredictable political variables makes the analysis of the implications of Community Law, which is now the source of the majority of laws in the Member States, incredibly complex and challenging. In order to provide its clients with the high quality and relevant legal advice, Pappas & Associates seeks to combine both the judicial attributes of integrity and technical/legal expertise with an acute understanding of the complex political context in which Union Law is formulated, applied and interpreted.

In order to achieve its objectives Pappas & Associates is committed to:

  • Creating and maintaining a team of highly qualified and competent professionals who have unrivalled legal experience as well as unparalleled insight into the European Union institutions.
  • Guaranteeing and maintaining a high standard of professional and client-oriented service.
  • Not only understanding present client needs but also proactively anticipating future concerns establishing a relationship of openness, trust and co-operation between the firm and all its clients.
  • Competition Law

    Competition law, the core area of community law, is probably the most emerging part of Union Law. Pappas & Associates bears solid experience in all four pillars of competition law, namely state aid; abuse of dominant position; anti-competitive collusion and merger control.

  • Internal Market

    Internal Market indisputably is the European Union’s cornerstone. Based on the four fundamental freedoms recognized by the Treaties, namely the free movement of goods; the free movement of capital; the free provision of services and the freedom of establishment, internal market lays the basis for economic transactions executed between EU Member States, EFTA Member States also included, and affected by national protectionist measures.

  • Health & consumer protection

    The area of health and consumer protection is the legislative domain that has and continues to witness the most intense legislative development on the level of the European Union. The applications of this area overlap with other domains of law to such an extent that these in fact tend to be countless.

  • Other Domains

    – ENERGY
    – SPORTS
    – TRADE

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