"I say I know one thing: that I know nothing.

That, indeed makes me more knowledgeable than anybody else"

- Socrates -


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Competition Law

Competition law, attorneys at law Brussels

Competition law forms the core area of Union law, where the European Commission following a quasi-judicial procedure is entitled to make binding decisions under the final control of the General Court of the EU. Pappas & Associates bears solid experience in all four pillars of competition law, namely state aid; abuse of dominant position; anti-competitive collusion and merger control.

The cabinet has actively intervened at various instances in the domain of state aid, either in support of parties alleging the existence of a prohibited state aid, or on the contrary in order to demonstrate the non illegal character of granted aid. Equally, it has effectively contributed to the evolution of the jurisprudence produced by the Court of Justice of the European Union and to the investigation of cases by the European Commission’s Directorate General for Competition (for example C-521/06 P et C-362/09; T-384/08; T-419/11; T- 14/12; C 16/2004; CP 103/2003 ETBA Bank; C 16/2004, C(2008)3118/13.08.2008; CP 142/2010 CCB); 2011/002621-case SA.32060 (CP/10); SA.39119 (2014-CP) C-4 2015/071997 DIGEA v. HR (ERT); C-4 2015/078217 EITISEE v. HR. However, the Cabinet’s case work is not limited to this area of activity. Pappas & Associates has intervened in antitrust proceedings for the infringement of articles 101 and 102 of the Treaty for the Functioning of the EU (for example, T-COMP/39416 Ship Classification; COMP/39064-EITISEE/EBU-ERT; COMP 2009/054507(39713), and equally in merger controls run by the European Commission (for example T-163/03 Scania AB v. Commission; COMP/M.1980- Volvo/Renault VI; Case M.7962/2016 — ChemChina/Syngenta; Case M.8435/2017 – FMC/DuPont Divestment Business)